Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. It is a disorder that affects the skin’s oil glands and hair follicles.
The small holes in your skin (pores) connect to oil glands under the skin. These glands make an oily substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. Inside the follicles, oil carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. A thin hair also grows through the follicle and out to the skin. Sometimes, the hair, sebum, and skin cells clump together into a plug. The bacteria in the plug cause swelling. Then when the plug starts to break down, a pimple grows.
There are many types of pimples. The most common types are:
- Whiteheads: pimples that stay under the surface of the skin.
- Blackheads: pimples that rise to the skin’s surface and look black (the black color is not from dirt).
- Papules: small pink bumps that can be tender.
- Pustules: pimples that are red at the bottom and have pus on top.
- Nodules: large, painful, solid pimples that are deep in the skin.
- Cysts: deep, painful, pus-filled pimples that can cause scars.
Acne can be caused due to various reasons. It is considered a lifestyle disorder. Some of the common causes are
- Unhealthy lifestyle (not exercising enough and consuming unhealthy food items)
- Excessive oily skin
- Stress levels – (during exam time and when people are under a lot of tension acne breakouts can occur)
- Obesity – People with increased weight have a higher chance of having pimples)
- In ladies with PCOD pimples are commonly seen. (symptoms of PCOD are increased weight gain, increased body hair, irregular menstrual cycles)
- Vitamin supplements
- Wearing greasy makeup.
- Diet – Excessive milk and dairy products
There are many myths about what causes acne. Dirty skin and stress do not cause acne. Also, chocolate and greasy foods do not cause acne in most people. For those who have acne, some things can make it worse:
- Pressure from bike helmets, backpacks, or tight collars.
- Pollution and high humidity.
- Squeezing or picking at pimples.
- Hard scrubbing of the skin.
Here are some common questions that our patients asks, when they come to us with Acne concern:
- What is the indication of Acne?
- Pimples that rise to the skin and look black/red, with mild or severe pain are usually the indication of Acne
- Who is more likely to have Acne?
- Anyone can get acne, but it is most common in teens and young adults. An estimated 80 percent of people between ages 11 and 30 have acne outbreaks at some point.
- What are the ways/methods to treat it?
- Over-the-counter or prescription drugs may treat acne by healing pimples, stopping new pimples from forming, and preventing scars. Some medicines are put right on the skin, while others are pills that you swallow. For severe cases, there are treatments offered as well which include chemical peels, comedone extractions. At Derma Circles we aim to ensure a blemish-free skin for you.